The Formation Of Chinese Ganoderma Culture

- Mar 21, 2017-

The formation of Ganoderma culture is legendary. Initially developed in prehistoric, by the slave society and development, to enrich the long feudal society period, which peak in the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming period. The Qing Dynasty has been more influenced by the Western science and culture, the understanding of Ganoderma lucidum gradually decreased from the sacred position, but the holy name of Ganoderma is deep into the people. From the aesthetic, art, architectural decoration point of view is widely used and developed to a certain stage. After the Qing Dynasty, with the development of mycology, Ganoderma lucidum into the modern biology research and modern medicine research and application stage.


The development of Ganoderma culture is most influenced by Chinese Taoist culture. Some Taoist characters began to recognize and advocate the medicinal use of Ganoderma lucidum, the book said that actively praised its efficacy, the Ganoderma lucidum as "on the drug", "fill in, Qi, by wisdom, good color", " , Fuzheng solid "and other effects. However, the development to further exaggerate the efficacy of falsehood has been said. Such as "food into immortality", as "elixir", to Ganoderma lucidum to "your crown", into a "auspicious thing." Ganoderma lucidum and as a back to life drug praise, such as "Bai Suzhen steal grass to save the immortal" story, well-known, widely circulated. In the Taoist ideology, the impact of culture and the "rendering" of Ganoderma lucidum under the emperor by the emperor revered, to some extent, Ganoderma lucidum or the reaction of a sense of faith has become the magic weapon used by the emperor. That "the king who is virtuous, then Zhisheng Health", the court has Ganoderma lucidum long live, peace and prosperity, calm weather, Yongzheng politics. Facts have shown that in Chinese history, Ganoderma lucidum is a sacred, noble symbol, on behalf of the right. Solemn dignity, and the most influential mascot. Li Min people every year poor search bitter to the court tribute Ganzhi has become the rules, to pay a large number, so far as well documented. A kind of fungal creatures, in the history of China has been respected so prominent status so that the formation of Ganoderma culture, which is indeed a miracle of the history of Chinese culture, the history of the world civilization is a rare thing, and only the ancient Chinese original. Today, the study of China's unique Ganoderma lucidum culture, not only reveals the formation of a special relationship between people and bacteria, but also help to understand why the Chinese feudal society so long.


The formation and development of Chinese Ganoderma culture is also influenced by Confucianism. Ganoderma lucidum culture is easy to be accepted by Buddhists, to promote the spread of Buddhism, and thus the formation of Chinese ethnic characteristics of Buddhism. Ganoderma culture accompanied by Buddhism in Japan, the Korean Peninsula and Southeast Asian countries. We can find today in Japan, Ganoderma culture and Buddhism associated with cultural relics or classical architecture.


Western travelers, missionaries often from the understanding of Chinese folk or curious point of view, the Ganoderma culture, cultural relics spread to Europe and the United States. Eastern Christians in turn combined with the influence of the Ganoderma culture and Christianity. The author of the Hong Kong Chinese University of Chongji College Church found in a hanging early church embroidery exquisite Bible map, while embroidered with two lifelike Ganoderma lucidum, which should be said that the Ganzhi culture and Western religious culture typical combination of the example The In 1979, published in the British "Encyclopedia of Mushrooms" in eight open large color plate version selected from Ge Hong "Baopuzi" (AD 340) in the band with Ganoderma figure painting.


Obviously there are a lot of cultural relics on the Ganzhi cultural heritage long lost in foreign countries. Therefore, the Chinese nation created by the Ganoderma culture, in the world a wide range of influence, rich in content, long history, and social and economic development of the Department, is not any country and region.


"Shen Nong Materia Medica" and "Compendium of Materia Medica" and other ancient books described in the "five Chi" or "six Chi". This can be said that the ancients of ancient China on the earliest or original classification of Ganoderma lucidum. As China's geographical location, natural habitat suitable for the growth of Ganoderma lucidum, known species of more than 90 species, the world's first. At present, the leading medicinal health research, artificial domestication, cultivation and production of many types of large output, especially in pharmacology, medicine and clinical research and experimental work, especially in Ganoderma lucidum health function, anti-aging mechanism and anti-cancer anti-cancer research results Significantly, made a new contribution to the modern research of Ganoderma lucidum, the connotation of Ganoderma culture to a new stage of development.


In recent years, domestic Mr. Chen Shiyu and other digital research research and collected a lot of Ganoderma-related cultural and historical information, reflecting the extremely plump content. In the "Chinese edible fungus", "microbiology", "natural resources", "Bauhinia" magazine and "China Science Pictorial" and other publications and some books discussed or related to Ganoderma culture, but belong to initiate. To improve the "Chinese Ganoderma culture", the following will be related to the contents of a little classified, for a brief account:


History -------- Lingzhi culture involves history, the origin of ancient Ganoderma lucidum, legend, the origin of the name, the development of different historical background changes. Ganoderma culture sprouted in prehistoric, development and enrichment in China during the feudal society.


Archeology ------ unearthed in various parts of the country often appear Ganoderma lucidum and wishful cultural relics. Ancient books, ancient paintings described more abundant.


Literature -------- Ganoderma mythology, folklore, poetry, opera and so on. The most popular such as "White Snake".


Language and philology -------- "Xiancao", "Rui grass", "longevity grass" and so on. "Wood", "Chi" and other text formation, evolution and its meaning is not perfect.


Ethnology ------ China's ethnic groups on the understanding of Ganoderma lucidum, legends, beliefs, ethnic costumes and other rich historical materials.


Folklore ------ Ganoderma lucidum medicinal, application habits, methods, such as mascot, wishful to use in addition to demon exorcism and so on.


Building decoration ---- Ganoderma graphics used in temple temples, Tingyu pavilions, pillars of the pillars, decorated along the roof, reflecting the unique style of Chinese architectural decoration.


Painting art ---- Ganoderma lucidum by the ancient literati, painter celebrity attention. In the traditional Chinese painting strokes of the clouds, statues murals, Tibetan Tangka painting, folk daily tableware, utensils, etc., with Ganoderma lucidum figure, play a decorative landscaping and auspicious meaning.


Aesthetics -------- Ganoderma lucidum shape funny, with the curve of the United States. There is a natural melody. Since ancient times in addition to being painted objects, but also by craftsmen crafts into handicrafts, as wishful as a precious furnishings, or as a official name of the door of the letter of the letter.


Nutrition ------ ancient records of Ganoderma lucidum longevity, rejuvenation, increase the wisdom, righting this solid. Modern science proved to have nutrition and health care, anti-aging effect, is a natural health care products.


Biochemistry - containing polysaccharides, triterpenes, a variety of amino acids.


Chinese medicine ---- ancient Chinese has long been found in medicinal value of Ganoderma lucidum, which should be the basis for the formation of Ganoderma lucidum culture. Ganoderma lucidum is considered a treasure trove of traditional Chinese medicine.


Philosophy -------- Ganoderma in ancient times medicinal, and as "panacea", food will be longevity, can be back to life, so with Ganoderma will bring the good luck, is regarded as auspicious, sacred Things. History of the efficacy of Ganoderma lucidum was exaggerated, as well as by the emperor believe, with the political and economic development, etc., ancient Ganoderma was used, and service and social and political. Often Ganoderma will play a symbol of authority.


Sociology ------ Ganoderma lucidum in the world. Up to the emperor will phase, down to the popular worship of civilians Ganoderma lucidum, our dynasties almost all know Ganoderma lucidum cents, Ganoderma lucidum as a fairy or auspicious things affect Asia to Europe and the United States.


Religious beliefs ---- Chinese Taoism believe in Ganoderma lucidum, such as Ge Hong and other Taoist representatives of the book said, to promote the medicinal use of Ganoderma lucidum. Ganoderma lucidum and its jade, the mood is also applicable from India (Tianzhu) of Buddhism to the people to pursue the future, look forward to the next happy birthday wish, will Ganzi Ruyi fusion with them. Ganoderma lucidum in China also caused the source of Christians in Western Europe to reverence.


Mascot ------ all over the world or the nation has its own mascot, there are many kinds of our country, but the most popular, the most common use of Ganoderma wishful. Reflecting the unique Chinese Ganoderma lucidum culture and Ganoderma lucidum is China's most influential mascot. In where there are "dragon and phoenix" image must have Ganoderma like "clouds" or "wishful". In China's traditional festivals, their decorations are ultimately the intention of Ganoderma lucidum, because the application is very common and often accustomed to, very few people ignore.


Taxonomy - the world's only Chinese people will be the first Ganoderma lucidum, chrysanthemum, wood Chi, fungi and grass Chi and other five Chi. In turn, the bitumen is divided into six syrups, azalea, xanthoxylum, black fungus, black fungus, purple matter, which is the original taxonomy. Modern from the bacteria points for the class, head, branch, genus, species level. At present, the world as many as 100 or more, and China is known more than 90 species.


Faunal Geography - China's vast territory, terrain and complex terrain, diverse types of climate. Ganoderma lucidum species are mainly distributed in the tropics, but in different ecological environment in China are the appropriate species distribution. So constitute a rich group of Ganoderma lucidum, combined with a long history of medicine, China is known as "Ganoderma's hometown."


From all aspects of the above enough to explain the Ganoderma culture, China is thousands of years to become one of the important cultural content. The development of the material practice and ideology of Ganoderma culture has its own historical background to the social and economic development of our country. Legendary Ganoderma lucidum, for a long time to foreign scholars curious and concerned about, in international exchanges play a special role. As China's scientific and technological workers on the application of Ganoderma lucidum and other research, but also caused the international Ganoderma research heat, China has now become the world's largest producer and export of Ganoderma lucidum.