Ganoderma Lucidum also known as the Forest Spirit, Jong Jian is a porous fungus fungus Ganoderma lucidum sub-entity. It has the effect of invigorating qi, calming cough, relieving asthma and prolonging longevity. Used for dizziness, palpitation, shortness of breath, neurasthenia, deficiency of cough and asthma.
Ganoderma Lucidum has two concepts in our concept:
1. In a broad sense, it refers to all types of the whole Ganoderma family. The world has more than 200 kinds of Ganoderma lucidum description and record, there are more than 100 varieties in the country. And ancient is according to 6 color to distinguish the Ganoderma lucidum, is the ancient no modern micro-biological technology and from the form of the understanding, the current scientific classification of Ganoderma lucidum is mainly Ganoderma lucidum spore cell structure to strictly distinguish the species of Ganoderma lucidum.
2. From a narrow sense of understanding, because Ganoderma lucidum branch of a variety is red cheese, is a common representative of the species, is known to be used to call Ganoderma lucidum, is actually its scientific name, just to give people in the habit of calling the law, retained the general saying: red cheese = Ganoderma lucidum.
All the descriptions of the Ganoderma lucidum, the medical database of books, papers, including more medical workers also followed this method. Therefore, most of the medical treatise on the role of Ganoderma lucidum, the red cheese for research to understand the image, based on it.
Of course there are some superstitious people, thought that Ganoderma lucidum can "life and death People, Kabei", it is just some legends, perhaps the novel also has the Ganoderma lucidum magical exaggeration and increase, but also only the plot needs, not credible. Overall, Ganoderma lucidum is only a good effect of medicinal herbs, different varieties, the effect is also different. However, will not rule out the true "life and death of people, Kabei" magical effect of Ganoderma lucidum, but at least now is not, so, we still want to believe that science, not the Ganoderma lucidum blindly think is God medicine.
The chemical composition of Ganoderma lucidum mainly contains Ergosterol 0.3%~0.4%, fungal lysozyme and acidic protease, L-mannitol, changing alcohol. containing water-soluble proteins in water-soluble extracts, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine, lysine, leucine, alanine, tryptophan, threonine, proline, methionine, phenylalanine, serine and other amino acids, peptides and polysaccharides, and other kinds of acid. Still contains resin, lactone, sweet bean essence and so on.
The purple cheese contains ergosterol, organic acid is maleic acid, and trans-butene acid. In addition, contains amino acids, glucose, polysaccharides, resins and mannitol. General Ganoderma Lucidum has alkaloids, sterols, lactone, coumarin essence, acidic resin, amino acids, oils, reducing substances and other reactions.
The chemical composition of Ganoderma lucidum is more complex, and it varies with different strains, origin, cultivation method, extraction technology and preparation method. The fruiting bodies, mycelium and spores of Ganoderma lucidum contain polysaccharides, nucleoside, furan derivatives, sterols, alkaloids, proteins, peptides, amino acids, triterpene, betamethasone, organic germanium, inorganic salts and so on. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide is one of the main effective components of Ganoderma lucidum, with anti-tumor, immune regulation, hypoglycemic, antioxidant, lipid-lowering and anti-aging effect. Ganoderma lucidum contains no more than the three kinds of terpene, including four ring triterpene, Ganoderma lucidum bitterness and the three terpene-related. Triterpene is also one of the effective components of Ganoderma lucidum, the human liver cancer cells have cytotoxic effect, but also can inhibit the release of histamine, with liver function and have anti allergic effect.
The source of the medicinal herbs is the Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. ex Fr.) Karst. or purple cheese Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang's dry child entity. Year-round harvesting, removal of impurities, cut with deadwood, silt or medium quality of the lower end of the stipe, shade or drying in 40~50℃. Mushrooms are parasitic on the roots of oak and other broadleaf trees. Umbrella-shaped, hard, woody, fungus-covered kidney-shaped or semicircular, violet-brown lacquer luster. There are distributions all over the world, recently there have been artificial culture, the shape of culture has mutated, but its effect is the same.