The Effect Of Processing Methods On Product Efficacy

- Apr 19, 2019-


                                     Ribs soup with Ganoderma lucidum and monkey mushroom

Whether Ganoderma is boiled, ground, extracted, concentrated, cell-wall broken, or even “cell-wall removed”, they are the reprocessing of raw materials. How do these processing methods affect the performance of Ganoderma?

In the past, people usually eat Ganoderma fruiting bodies, so it is the most common way to eat Ganoderma by slicing it and boiling it with water. Just as you go to the Chinese medicine store to buy the fine slices of Ganoderma and directly boil them and drink the soup. Just like stewing chicken soup and pork ribs soup, the essence of the material is dissolved in the soup, so that the clear water can be turned into a nutritious soup, so the water-boiled ganodermacan be said to be “ The most elementary hot water extraction".


                                                         GANOHERB Ganoderma Tea 

As far as the user is concerned, although water boiling is a little labor-intensive, it is very economical and suitable for general health care. Of course, the premise is that you can endure the bitter taste of Ganoderma, because the cooked contents are still soluble in water. and they are mainly Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide-based with less fat-soluble triterpenoids, so the bitterness is still quite strong, And some people still feel very uncomfortable.


 Ganoderma Powder

It is the most traditional processing method to grind Chinese herbal medicines to powder. However, the Ganoderma lucidum fruiting body is as tough as leather. The general equipment can only cut it into pieces at most. If you want to grind it to a fine powder, you have to use special equipment. The fruiting bodies that are ground into powder are also referred to as "crude medicines" because they undergo no further processing. Compared with the water boiling method, this processing method disssolves the active ingredients of Ganoderma lucidum. The fruiting bodies that is ground into powder contain all the ingredients and will dissolve in the stomach, and then will be disintegrated by the water and oil from the gastrointestinal tract. The effect not only varies with each individual but also is very susceptible to diet.

“Extraction and Concentration” can be regarded as a reinforced version of “water-boiled Reishi Mushroom” because they also use solvent to dissolve the active ingredients. The difference is that more advanced equipment and processes can extract more effective constituents from Ganoderma Lucidum. Plus concentration and drying, Ganoderma can be makde into capsules, powders or granules. Extracted with water, the product mainly contains Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides, nucleosides, etc.; extracted with ethanol, the product contains Ganoderma lucidum triterpenes and Ganoderma lucidum sterol. As for how many active ingredients can be extracted, it depends on the extraction technology, so there are differences in content varieties and contituents amount when extracting concentrated Ganoderma products. However, in any case, the extraction and concentration has greatly increased the content of the active ingredient in the unit dose compared to the boiling or grinding method. Therefore, one capsule can replace a stomach of water plus powder.


Ganoderma Lucidum Spore and Extract Capsule


Cellwall Broken Spores VS Cellwall Unbroken Spores

Regarding the processing method of spore powder, after the concept of "broken cell wall" for years, there has recently been a new term for "removed cell wall" in the market. Since the outermost surface of the spores have a layer of extremely hard cell walls, it was discovered in the 1990s that if the cell wall was broken, the active ingredients in the spore powder were released to play a better medicinal role.This is the origin of "cell-wall broken spores".


Comparison of Ganoderma lucidum spores before and after the  cellwall breaking under the microscope

Although the spore powder can be eaten without breaking the cell wall, many studies have confirmed that the spore powder after breaking the cell wall can detect more active ingredients. Animal experiments also show that the cellwall broken spore powder is conductive to the boost the immune function and is far better than the cellwall unbroken spore powder. Of course, this cellwall breaking must be true. How to identify? Put it under the microscope and see it.

In recent years, there is a new concept of “removing the cellwall”, claiming that the cell wall of the spore is a “useless shell” and even the “indigestible, causing gastrointestinal burden”, but it accounts for the majority of the spore weight. The cellwall should be "removed completely" to better demonstrate the effectiveness of spore powder. In fact, the cell wall is composed of polysaccharides. The polysaccharide component of the spores is mainly from its cell wall, which cannot be digested by the intestines. It is similar to dietary fiber (fiber is also a kind of polysaccharide) - because it cannot be decomposed by intestinal enzymes, so It does not produce heat, so it can stimulate the growth of probiotics in the intestine and activate immune cells on the intestinal wall. In other words, the cell wall of the spore is not a burden on the intestine, but a source of efficacy. It is also a good helper for maintaining the health of the intestines. How can it be a useless thing that is "not necessary"?

In fact, whether it is a fruiting body or spore powder, in order to greatly enhance its efficacy, the most critical processing technology is still "extraction." Just as we cook Ganoderma lucidum in hot water, the longer the soup, the thicker the soup, the more active ingredients we will absorb. This is only the least technically self-cooked at home. If you can extract all kinds of active ingredients and concentrate them through high-end extraction technology, you can fully enjoy the value of each
Lingzhi. Therefore, no matter what kind of Ganoderma is used as raw material, the content of the product which contains “extracts” is definitely worth your attention.