Whether it is Chinese mythology, Jin Yong's novels, or martial arts films made into dramas, when it comes to Ganoderma, each author often gives Ganoderma the mysterious life experience of "taking the essence of the sun and the moon in the mountains" as if Ganoderma is otherworldly. However, in real life, how does Ganoderma grow up? Where do we get the ganoderma we eat now? This is necessary to start from the spores , the starting point of Ganoderma lucidum growth.
If we compare Ganoderma lucidum to human, then the spore is like a sperm or an egg, but its gender is more complex than humans, there are four kinds. When Ganoderma lucidum matures, spores eject from the bottom of the fruiting body, and only a few can fall on the tree species suitable for growth, and grow a "bud" like a silk, which is called "primary hyphae."
The image on Ganoderma lucidum spores sprouting and the appearance of primary hyphae for about 48 hours (provided / Xu Ruixiang)
At this time, if there are just three other primary hyphaes of different genders and belonging to the same strain, the four can mate with each other to form "secondary hyphae" and further extract nutrients from the wood to grow more white hyphae and interwoven into "mycelium".
Ganoderma lucidum mycelium is like a white thing in a petri dish. This is the result of Ganoderma lucidum strain cultured in the laboratory for 21 days. However, such growth conditions will only grow hyphae and cannot form fruiting bodies (provided / Xu Ruixiang)
Up to now, it is all under the work of the countertop. When the mycelium accumulates enough energy and no longer grows, it will "form the mushroom", that is, the milky white "fruiting body primordium" emerges from the wood, gradually extends the stipe, open the cap, and slowly grow into a Reishi Mushroom. The outermost edge of the cap has a milky white part, which is the growth zone of Ganoderma. When it disappears, the cap will stop expanding, but the fruiting body will continue to gain weight and become thicken until it matures. At this time, the spores that have been bred for a long time in the cap are ready to go.
This is an artificial wood cultivated Ganoderma lucidum (the logs are buried underground). When the ganoderma lucidum matures, the spores will eject outward from the bottom of the fruiting body. In order to collect the spore powder, the planter will lay a plastic sheet and a thick paper on the ground to isolate the dust, and cover the fruiting body with a plastic tube to prevent the spores from drifting around. The thick brown powder on the fruiting body and the ground is the ganoderma spore (Photo / Wu Tingyao)
In the wild environment, the growth process of the whole ganoderma lucidum takes up to six months. In order to grow smoothly, in addition to the most difficult "mating success", it is necessary to match various post-day conditions such as temperature, humidity, light, ventilation, nutrients, etc., otherwise Ganoderma may not grow well. In the wild, it is hard to grow into a ganoderma lucidum. You have to ask God to pretect them from insects and other microbes, and to harvest them before the spores are released, in order to preserve the value of Ganoderma lucidum. The question is where to find so many mature and full wild Lingzhi? How can there be so many people who can go to the mountains to find Ganoderma lucidum? On the other hand, artificially cultivated Ganoderma lucidum, from strain screening to growth conditions, is tightly controlled and protected. Regardless of quality control or mass production requirements, it is unmatched by wild Lingzhi. Therefore, today's more large-scale Ganoderma lucidum companies use artificial cultivation to plant a large number of Ganoderma lucidum.