Ganoderma medicinal in China more than 2000 years of history, ancient medicine as a tonic and strong, strengthening and restoring of magical treasures. In 2000, known for genus Ganoderma (Ganoderma) fungus is about more than 100 species, most widely distributed for Ganoderma lucidum (G.lu-cidum), followed by Purple Chi (G.japonicum), as well as Cocos (G.applana-tum), Ganoderma tsugae (G.tsugae) and the book tree of Chicago (G.capense) are used medicinally. After a large clinical study, Ganoderma lucidum on neurasthenia, Hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease and angina pectoris, arrhythmia, Keshan disease, Plateau does not apply, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, indigestion, with varying degrees of efficacy such as bronchitis. Is in need of attention, simply through the use of Ganoderma lucidum therapeutic efficacy of the method does not have a clear, recommendation available cassia, black groups such as oolong and Wu Tangcha the classics of traditional Chinese medicine formula tea, high cholesterol and other disorders can have very good control. Pharmacological studies have shown that Ganoderma lucidum has a wide range of biological activities.
Amino acids, peptides, proteins, fungal lysozyme (fungal lysozyme), and sugar (sugar and polysaccharides), ergosterol, triterpenes, and coumarin glycosides, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloids, vitamins B2 and c; spores containing mannitol and trehalose (trehalose).
Ganoderma lucidum powder is light brown, dark brown to purplish-brown. Hyphae scattered or bonded into a group, colorless to pale brown, slender, slightly curved, branched, and 2.5~6.5 μm in diameter. Spores are Brown, oval, flat-topped section, outer wall of colorless, wart-like protrusions on the inside wall, long 8~12 microns wide 5~8 microns.
Take powder of Ganoderma lucidum 2G, add 30 ml of ethanol, heated to reflux for 30 minutes, filter, filtrate dry, add 2 ml of methanol soluble residue, as for the test solution. Another fungus compared 2G, compared with legal solution. According to testing by thin-layer chromatography, absorb these two solutions 4 μl respectively in the same g of silica gel thin-layer plate, petroleum ether (60~90℃)-ethyl Formate-formic acid (15:5:1) upper-layer solutions for agents, expand, remove, dry, replacement UV light (365 nm) under review. Test spectrum of Speck, and compared the corresponding position, fluorescent spots of the same color.